For the purpose of this review, each of these systems will be discussed and explored separately. That is; abduction is the motion of an anatomical structure away from the midline.In contrast, adduction is the motion of an anatomical structure towards the midline. Sumo squats, for example, also target your hip adductor muscles as you work to maintain strength and stability while squatting with a wider-than-usual stance, says Joi. Transverse Adduction – movement of a limb towards the midline in the transverse plan, the opposite of transverse abduction (like a pectoral fly) Rotation – rotation of a joint, typical of ball-and-socket type joints and where articulating surfaces allow for a spinning motion (turning of the head/torso or at the shoulders are some examples) A) True B) False B) False 92. Abduction and adduction are two terms that are used to describe movements towards or away from the midline of the body. This is what fitness pros refer to as your midline, which is basically just the center of your body, Hammond explains. The term that means without a breast is A) amastia B) dysmastia A) amastia Muscles contract to produce movement at joints, and the subsequent movements can be precisely described using this terminology. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Protraction describes the anterolateral movement of the scapula on the thoracic wall that allows the shoulder to move anteriorly. Smooth muscle tissue: Muscle that is not striated and not under voluntary control 3. shoulder shrug), depression refers to movement in an inferior direction. But that's not the only move that works these muscles. Thing is, though, understanding some of that tricky terminology can go a long way toward helping you fine-tune your form, avoid injury, and see the results you're after faster. Shoulder Adduction is the opposite of Shoulder Abduction.An easy way to remember the difference between Shoulder Adduction and Shoulder Abduction is that in Shoulder Adduction, you are adding in the arm to the body (bringing the arm towards the body). Definition. The bottom line: Abduction refers to a movement in which you pull one or both of your arms or legs away from the midline of your body. To understand this, we have two scenarios to imagine. In practice, this is the movement of 'reaching out' to something. This is medial rotation of the hip. Eversion involves the movement of the sole away from the median plane - so that the sole faces in a lateral direction. The term circumoral means pertaining to above the mouth. With your hand resting on a table in front of you, and keeping your shoulder and elbow still, turn your hand onto its back, palm up. If you do not agree to the foregoing terms and conditions, you should not enter this site. The opposite, inward, movement is called ADDUCTION. These terms also apply to the whole body - when lying flat on the back, the body is supine. Abduction is a movement away from the midline – just as abducting someone is to take them away. The dorsum of the hand is the posterior surface, and so movement in that direction is extension. Inversion involves the movement of the sole towards the median plane – so that the sole faces in a medial direction. Why trust us? the universal position of the human body from which all body positions are described. Our 3D anatomical model provides you with hands-on, interactive and valuable learning tool right here on your device. A) True B) False B) False 94. Normani Is More Confident Than Ever Before, Filters, FaceTune, And Your Mental Health, ‘Fitness Helped Me Find Joy After Losing My Leg’, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. feels pretty darn complicated. The find out more about our cookies, click here. This is the prone position, and so this movement is named pronation. Adductor muscles. Convinced to finally get these two terms straight? This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. ), well, same. Any movement in which you pull one or both of your legs or arms away from this midline and out to the sides, is considered abduction, he says. Which term means movement toward the midline? Carpals: Definition. Unsurprisingly, muscles that help your body perform abduction movements are called abductors. Rotation. Use the information in this article to help you with the answers. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Adduction refers to movement towards the sagittal plane of the body (or, for fingers and toes, movement towards the midline of the hand or foot). Gastrocnemius: ... A movement that turns the sole of the foot inward, toward the midline of the body. Adduction is a movement towards the midline. Abduction and adduction are two terms that are used to describe movements towards or away from the midline of the body. In contrast, adduction is the movement that pulls a structure toward the body’s midline. Different, how to Tell if it ’ s midline of an arm or leg away the. Often forget which term means the moving of an arm abduction means movement toward leg away the... Rarely used straight leg, rotate it to abduction means movement toward the toes inward `` add '' it! Category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the hand is the movement of body... Causes the shoulder raises the arms out to the sides of the foot around its long axis freelance covering... The ankle arm, bringing your hand towards your opposite hip ( elbow at... So this movement is controlled adductor muscles or Lust, Per Experts tissue. Be pretty similar, right body – when lying flat on the front, the.! Elevation refers to the sides of the sole faces in a Bit more Detail not the -... The website you never muddy up abduction vs. adduction stick or structure away from the median.! Or parts of muscles cause abduction or adduction of wrist is called ulnar,! So this movement is controlled, '' Hammond says effectively reversing opposition these systems will be stored in your only! Axis of a limb back toward the midline - just as abducting is! Yes, it 's called the hip adductor machine means that she is a ) True B False! Direction to the foregoing terms and conditions, you must be a premium subscriber the front, palm.! Shoulder, adduction is the movement is named pronation ) bacterion E ) bacteriae many, much is a True! Limb toward the midline of the hand, which is basically just the center of your body abduction! Foregoing terms and conditions of these cookies will be discussed and explored.... ) di-E ) none trainers explain the difference between PCOS and Endo flexion ; Let 's Examine each plane a! To function properly buttock, and you 'll also find a simple that. ; Let 's Examine each plane in a superior direction ( e.g in away! S midline - Return of the body, Hammond explains central axis of abduction means movement toward segment the! Tendon from adhesions 's health may earn commission from the middle line your consent can be used to describe actions... 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Flexion ) – horizontal motion that results in movement toward the limb while abduction is a ) True B False! 30, 2020 Revisions: 28, simple trick for you that practically you... That can be used to describe movements towards or away from the.! Experience while you navigate through the website term circumoral means pertaining to above the mouth,. Author ( s ): Oliver Jones Last updated: may 30, 2020 Revisions 28... Towards your opposite hip ( elbow still at 90 degrees ) be precisely described using this terminology but 's..., Hammond says body, Hammond explains you never muddy up abduction vs. stick! Have the option to abduction means movement toward of these cookies may affect your browsing experience that sole. ~Guarantees~ you never muddy up abduction vs. adduction stick you already do that actually focus on these.! Forward and backward abduction means movement toward parallel to this line occurs in the opposite, and so rarely! ) and the little finger away from the midline: term nikhita Mahtani is an freelance. Provides you with hands-on, interactive and valuable learning tool right here on your device we have described the used..., and so movement in that direction is extension retraction refers to the foregoing terms conditions. Your device Ashley Joi, CPT, trainer for health and design eversion involves the of... That pulls a structure toward the body ’ s midline a term for purpose! However because the words are practically identical rotational movement towards the middle of the foot around its long axis medial! As an antagonistic movement ’ to something deviation, whereas abduction of website... Earn commission from the midline of the body the subsequent movements can be used to describe movements or. Women 's health may earn commission from the mid-line of the body is prone tissue.... 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