The goals of Apollo 12 focused on science, including investigating the lunar surface environment, emplacing the first Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP), obtaining samples from a second lunar mare and enhancing the capability for human lunar exploration. That's bad. Finally, about four-and-a-half hours after touchdown, they made one final check to be sure that they had good, airtight suits and then radioed Houston for permission to depressurize the cabin. There were a number of large craters surrounding the target point, but otherwise the area presented no more in the way of hazards than those that Armstrong and Aldrin had faced. You guys ought to be spring-loaded! Captions by Derek Henderson and Thierry Bisiaux. As entertainment, it could be pretty deadly at times. At the place where Sharp formed, the regolith was probably deep enough - perhaps 6 to 8 meters - that only a few rocks were brought to the surface. Conrad tried to guess how what the fit should be, but underestimated the extra length need to accomodate the LCG. On the second EVA, they planned to extend their range to about 400 meters and the short run proved that, should something need tending in the spacecraft, they'd have no trouble getting back in a hurry. He'd picked out a good spot west of the crater and short of the Snowman's Head beyond. For Apollo 12, the site selection committee picked an interesting spot on the Ocean of Storms (Oceanus Procellarum), about 1500 kilometers west of Tranquility Base. Fortunately, the loss of the TV wasn't critical from a technical point of view. This journal forms a living document that covers the flight of Apollo 10 launch to splashdown. Money could be saved by conducting launches only twice a year. From trajectory data, NASA knew where each of the Surveyors had landed to within a mile or two but, because each of the spacecraft was no bigger than a modest-sized lunar boulder, unambiguous identification in the orbital photographs available at the time was all but impossible. "Hey, there it is! The only way to find out was to wipe the mirror - which came clean - and then wipe a patch of paint. The surface times are from Apollo by the Numbers by Orloff. There have been impactors of all sizes - dust motes, sand grains, pebbles, fist-sized rocks, boulders, and even the occasional projectile the size of a mountain. That's almost as good as being there.". Successive impacts churned the rubble layer down to a depth of about five meters, breaking up the rock and making smaller and smaller fragments. And there were even some who thought that a Mars program was in the cards. When viewed from the approach trajectory, the cluster looks not unlike a Snowman, with Surveyor Crater forming the fat torso. The hammocks and a warmer cabin made for an easier night than the Apollo 11 crew had. Was Houston sure, they asked, that the spacecraft had, like the mock-up they'd used in training, been bright white when it left Earth? They were doing well; they were having fun; and there was certainly no need to push themselves to the point where they might start making mistakes. But there was an expectation that, once the landing was a reality, the budget would stabilize at a level that would let the lunar program continue. The journal presently covers eleven human flights of the Apollo program, relating the parts of the missions not on the lunar surface. On the inner slopes, the soil was just as dark as on the surrounding plain; and, based on their observations from the first EVA, the astronauts expected that the footing would remain good as they descended into the crater. For the most part, the appearance of lunar soil varies surprisingly little from place to place. (Readers interested in the story behind this episode should consult Andrew Chaikin's A Man on the Moon.). Point it here a minute. Avoiding cables was a matter of watching one's feet or, from a more practical point of view, of watching the other guy's feet. It was a strenuous level of effort but not debilitating and, indeed, they were out on the traverse for more than an hour before they had to take a real rest - and then only because Bean thought, for a moment, that something had happened to his suit. But you weight was given each title in content that you Apollo 12 Lunar Surface Journal Crew Nasa links to your will link to. Because the suits were pressurized, the glove fingers were necessarily stiff and hard to move. This was the first color TV camera to be landed on the Moon and, unfortunately, it quit working while Bean was moving it away from the LM. At one point, Conrad said that he felt like a running giraffe filmed in slow-motion. By using Lunar Orbiter photos and, as well, photos returned by the prior Apollo crews, NASA was able to construct a fairly realistic model of the landing site so that, during training in the LM simulators, the view out Conrad's window - actually a TV picture of the model - looked enough like the real thing that, at pitchover, Conrad would have a comfortable sense of deja vu. ", But, of course, Houston wasn't going to keep the explorers waiting long. ", He wasn't absolutely sure but, seconds later, at pitchover, there was no doubt. Second, the astronauts would be able to collect rocks and soil samples from another of the great lunar plains and, most interestingly to the geologists, from a place covered with ejecta from the young, prominent crater Copernicus which lies some three hundred kilometers to the north. There were very few boulders in the area and, as they got lower, the LM exhaust began kicking up a lot of dust. This journal covers the flight of Apollo 11 from launch to splashdown. They dig tiny craters which give the surface a texture like that left on dusty ground by a light rain; and, in the small-scale violence of the impacts, melt themselves and a few soil grains directly struck. But could the paint have changed color so quickly? Although the Nixon decision was a blow to NASA, the consequences were not all bad. Certainly, President Nixon was no great fan of the program and, now that the race with the Russians had been won, NASA's budget was headed for levels that would not only force long postponements of such cherished dreams as a space station, a lunar base, and missions to Mars, but also threatened the continuation of Apollo itself. One pair of large rocks looked as though they were almost touching each other and it seemed to Whitaker that he might be able to find them when he started to examine the appropriate Orbiter pictures through the microscope. The Journal is intended as a resource for anyone wanting to know what The scene looked just like it had in the LM simulator. Development of the camera had lagged and NASA took delivery just a short while before the launch. Twenty minutes didn't give them much time for careful consideration or comment; it was very much a matter of jog, stop, take a minute to marvel, take a few pictures, grab a sample, and jog again. During the entire second EVA, Pete Conrad was like a man possessed, constantly aware of the timeline and the list of tasks yet to be done, single-minded in his determination to complete everything on the checklists that they wore on their sleeves. "Whoopie!" Later in the EVA, they visited Block Crater and saw a lot of bedrock fragments there. The crew returned safely to Earth on November 24, 1969 after a flight of 10 days and 4 hours. The lesson? But the hurried pace didn't really matter. The Journal is edited by Eric M. Jones and Ken Glover and is intended as a resource for anyone wanting to know what happened during the missions and why. What did Gene Cernan, the last Apollo astronaut to walk on the lunar surface, say about his experience on the first day, then the second day, of the mission? Now there was no doubt. Stretchout also meant that planners, engineers, scientists, and astronauts had more time to assimilate experience and data between missions and, as well, it gave NASA a chance to complete hardware and procedures modification that would make the last few missions spectacularly productive. Find and read the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal's entry for Apollo 17, no. Firstly, I do realize that this is a rather long video - certainly much longer than any of my other videos on Youtube. There are few surfaces that aren't covered with fine soil; and, everywhere, the soil bears the imprints of craters of all sizes, most of them old and worn, with their circular outlines barely discernible beneath the overlapping effects of subsequent impacts. The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is a record of the lunar surface operations conducted by the six pairs of astronauts who landed on the Moon from 1969 through 1972.i The Journal is intended as a resource for anyone wanting to know what happened during the missions and why. And why brown? They stopped, caught their breath, and then moved off again at a slower pace. However, with the fingers in the "relaxed" position, there was an opening of three to four inches between the tip of the thumb and the tip of the index finger. "Man, that may have been a small one for Neil, but that's a long one for me." As Conrad and Bean approached the subtle rim, they found that, like the ground near the LM, the soil was well compacted. The Apollo 12 mission was the first opportunity in the scientific exploration of the Moon to sample extensively the rocks within half a kilometer of the landing site. It was only later, during the second EVA, that he and Bean discovered a couple of handy tricks. But he knew he was close, certainly within a couple hundred meters of the target. By the end of the stop, they had been out of the LM a bit over three hours and, in large measure because of Conrad's determination to "cover ground", they were only about ten minutes behind schedule. Related: Apollo 12 Apollo 125cc Dirt Bike Apollo 12 Mission Apollo 12 Crew Apollo 125cc Rfz Apollo 12 Alan Bean Apollo 12 Command Module Apollo 125cc Db 007 . That was a sin that neither of them wanted to commit. Welcome to this 10 April 2020 release of the Apollo 12 Flight Journal, part of the Apollo Flight Journal series.. Like its companion, the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo program, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity.This journal covers the flight of Apollo 12 from launch to splashdown. Welcome to this 15 January 2018 release of the Apollo 10 Flight Journal, part of the Apollo Flight Journal series.. Like its companion, the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo program, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity.. Apollo 12 Lunar Surface Journal Crew Nasa. Of that total, they were actually on the move for about 30 minutes and the remaining time was split between seven major stops - plus a few pauses for irresistible rocks. Give or suggest specific examples that illustrate what he … On this second EVA, with tools and other gear to carry, Conrad and Bean had their hands closed almost constantly. In general, the J-missions promised a significant increase in productivity. However, before such impressive missions could be attempted, NASA had to demonstrate that crews could achieve pinpoint landings, work a full-day in the stiff suits and, if necessary, walk several kilometers back to the LM from a disabled Rover. During the second EVA, they used about 30 percent less than the predicted amount. As Bean said in technical debriefings with the engineers once he got home, the root cause was the fact that he hadn't been able to train with an actual flight camera. LM ascent stage (purposefully) impacted on Moon (after surface crew returns to orbit). Early in Apollo, NASA sketched out a sequence of missions which would lead to the first landing. At the very least, it was thought, the design would give the astronauts a chance to relax their fingers from time to time. With the stiffer suits, Conrad and Bean needed a brief stop for rest and some sampling. Consequently, if they wanted to grip anything smaller than the opening, they had to close their hands against the internal pressure in the suit. As Conrad said later, "I was really tired by the time we went to sleep. Edited by Ken Glover The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is a record of the lunar surface operations conducted by the six pairs of astronauts who landed on the Moon from 1969 through 1972. The goals of Apollo 12 focused on science, including investigating the lunar surface environment, emplacing the first Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP), obtaining samples from a second lunar mare and enhancing the capability for human lunar exploration. Background Material. True, they could only make a sparse record of the work experience and of the adaptation process, but otherwise there were plenty of pictures of the rocks, craters, footprints, and equipment that were of primary interest to the engineers and scientists. Of course, Gordon had a real advantage in that he knew where Intrepid was supposed to be. 1.1.2 … With Rovers at their disposal, each of the J-mission crews would be able to visit a variety of geologic features scattered around the local countryside, collect far greater quantities of rock and soil than walking astronauts could hope to carry, make use of an impressive number of tools carried on the Rover, and also give the research teams back on Earth a mobile experiment platform. They were both relaxed - with heart rates dipping down into the 80s - and Conrad would have whistled while he worked, had whistling been possible at 3.7 psi suit pressure. Both the color and the footing were direct results of the violence of the impact. Official NASA Apollo 12 Mission Description Apollo 12 Lunar Surface Journal EVA Transcripts Apollo 12 Lunar Samples Apollo 12 Mission Photography Sur-1, LM/CSM Timeline, 110 to 126 hours (27k), Sur-2, LM/CSM Timeline, 126 to 142 hours (55k), Sur-3, First Rev Activity, PDI+20 ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-4, Doff Helmets and Gloves ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-5, PDI+45, P57 Star Sightings ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-10, Partial Powerdown, Circuit Breaker Panel 11 (CDR) ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-11, Partial Powerdown, Circuit Breaker Panel 16 (LMP) ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-12, Switch Configurations ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-13, Switch Configurations ( 0.25 Mb ), Sur-14, ECS and Camera Configurations ( 0.27 Mb ), Sur-15, Window Photography and Description ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-16, Surface Description, Part 2 ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-17, Surface Description, Part 3 ( 0.29 Mb ), Sur-18, Surface Description, Part 4 ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-19, Eat Period and P22 CSM Tracking with the Rendezvous Radar ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-20, Platform (IMU) Powerdown ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-21, 112:40, Cabin Prep EVA-1 ( 0.11 Mb ), Sur-22, Circuit Breaker Panel 11 (CDR) EVA Configuration ( 0.26 Mb ), Sur-23, Circuit Breaker Panel 16 (LMP) EVA Configuration ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-24, Transition to One-Man EVA ( 0.27 Mb ), Sur-25, LM Repress Failure Procedure ( 0.25 Mb ), Sur-26, Equipment Prep for EVA-1 ( 0.27 Mb ), Sur-29, Complete PLSS Comm Check ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-30, Final Systems Prep, OPS Connect, Helmet/Glove Donning ( 0.29 Mb ), Sur-31, Pressure Integrity Check, Cabin Depress ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-32, final Prep for Egress ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-33, EVA-1 Timeline 0+00 to 1+00 ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-34, EVA-1 Timeline 1+00 to 2+00 ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-35, EVA-1 Timeline 2+00 to 3+00 ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-36, EVA-1 Timeline 3+00 to 3+30 ( 0.13 Mb ), Sur-37, EVA-1 Timeline 3+10 to 4+00 ( 0.11 Mb ), Sur-38, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities 0+10 to 0+18 ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-39, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities 0+23 to 0+26 ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-40, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities 0+40 to 0+45 ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-41, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities S-Band/TV Deployment ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-42, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities to 1+02, SWC/Flag Deployment ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-43, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+07, Pans and LM Inspection ( 0.19 Mb ), Sur-44, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+07, Part 2 ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-45, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+07, Part 3 ( 0.13 Mb ), Sur-46, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+07, Part 4 ( 0.13 Mb ), Sur-47, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+15, ALSEP Off-load ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-48, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+36, ALSEP Traverse ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-49, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+48, ALSEP Interconnect ( 0.22 Mb ), Sur-50, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 1+58, PSE/SWE Deployment ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-51, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 2+06, LSM and Central Station Sunshield Deployment ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-52, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 2+14, Antenna/SIDE Deployment ( 0.25 Mb ), Sur-53, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 2+30, Return to LM, SRC Packing, Core sample ( 0.30 Mb ), Sur-54, EVA-1 CDR/LMP Activities at 3+02, LEC Transfer and LMP EVA Termination ( 0.17 Mb ), Sur-55, EVA-1 CDR/LMP EVA Termination ( 0.10 Mb ), Sur-56, EVA-1 4-hour Extension, SRC Packing, Core Tube ( 0.25 Mb ), Sur-57, EVA-1 Geology Traverse ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-58, EVA-1 Trench Sample and EVA Termination ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-60, Post-EVA-1 Systems Configuration ( 0.29 Mb ), Sur-61, PLSS O2 Recharge, PLSS/OPS Doffing ( 0.22 Mb ), Sur-62, Post-EVA Cabin Configuration ( 0.35 Mb ), Sur-63, Eat Period, PLSS Recharge ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-65, Rest Period, Wake-up, Status Reports ( 0.22 Mb ), Sur-67, Equipment Prep for EVA-2 ( 0.29 Mb ), Sur-70, OPS Connect, Helmet/Glove Donning ( 0.27 Mb ), Sur-71, Pressure Integrity Check ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-72, Cabin Depress / Final Prep for Egress ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-73, CDR / LMP Time Line EVA2 0 - 1 hour ( 0.12 Mb ), Sur-74, CDR / LMP Time Line EVA2 1 hour - 2 hour ( 0.12 Mb ), Sur-75, CDR / LMP Time Line EVA2 2 hour - 3 hour ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-76, CDR / LMP Time Line EVA2 3 hour - 4 hour ( 0.11 Mb ), Sur-77, EVA 2 Start Activities ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-78, EVA 2 Initial Activities ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-79, Geology Traverse Prep ( 0.19 Mb ), Sur-81, Documented Sample Collection ( 0.17 Mb ), Sur-82, Documented Sample Collection Part 2 ( 0.18 Mb ), Sur-85, Gas Analysis Sample Collection ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-86, Surveyor Site Activities (Part 1) ( 0.18 Mb ), Sur-87, Surveyor Site Activities (Part 2) ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-88, Surveyor Site Activities (Part 3) ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-89, Geology Return Traverse ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-91, Eva Termination (Part 1) ( 0.22 Mb ), Sur-93, Post Eva 2 / Prep for Equip Jet ( 0.27 Mb ), Sur-94, Surface Photography from LM ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-97, Post Eva Cleanup / EVA 2 Debrief ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-101, Panel 16 CB for Launch Prep ( 0.19 Mb ), Sur-102, Lift off - 2:35, Gravity Alignment and Star Sightings ( 0.17 Mb ), Sur-103, Lift off - 2:35 (Continued) ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-104, Lift off - 2:35 (Continued) ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-105, Lift off - 2:05, Gyro Calibration, Lift off - 1:30, RCS Hot-fire Check ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-106, Lift off - 1:30, RCS Hot-fire Check(Continued), Lift off - 0:45 ( 0.28 Mb ), Sur-107, Platform Alignment with Gravity and Star Sightings ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-108, Lift off - 0:45 (Continued), Lift off - 0:35 ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-109, Lift off - 0:30, Switch Configurations ( 0.17 Mb ), Sur-110, Switch Configurations (Continued) ( 0.18 Mb ), Sur-111, Switch Configurations (Continued), ECS Configuration ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-112, ECS Configuration (Continued) ( 0.18 Mb ), Sur-113, Lift off - 0:17, Lift off - 0:15 ( 0.18 Mb ), Sur-114, Circuit Breaker Panel 11 (CDR) Configuration ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-115, Circuit Breaker Panel 16 (LMP) Configuration ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-116, Lift-off minus 0:10, Lift-off minus 0:05 (Go to LM Timeline Book) ( 0.12 Mb ), Sur-118, One-Man EVA Prep (Continued) ( 0.19 Mb ), Sur-119, One-Man EVA OPS connect and Helmet/Glove Donning ( 0.28 Mb ), Sur-120, One-Man EVA Pressure Integrity Check ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-121, One-Man EVA Cabin Depress, Final Prep for Egress ( 0.28 Mb ), Sur-122, Final Prep for Egress (Continued) ( 0.13 Mb ), Sur-123, EVA 1-Minimum Time-One Man, 0+00-1+00 ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-124, 0+00 - 0+18, One Man EVA 1 (Minimum Time) ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-125, 0+23 - 0+28, One Man EVA 1 (Minimum Time) ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-126, 0+38, One Man EVA 1 (Minimum Time) ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-127, 0+40, One Man EVA 1 (Minimum Time) ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-128, EVA 1-Full Time-One Man, 0+00-1+00 ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-129, EVA 1-Full Time-One Man, 1+00-2+00 ( 0.12 Mb ), Sur-130, EVA 1-Full Time-One Man, 2+00-3+00 ( 0.12 Mb ), Sur-131, EVA 1-Full Time-One Man, 3+00-3+40 ( 0.11 Mb ), Sur-132, EVA 1-Full Time-One Man, 3+00-4+00 (Extension) ( 0.12 Mb ), Sur-133, 0+00 - 0+18, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-134, 0+23 - 0+26, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-135, 0+40 - 0+47, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-136, 0+47 (Continued), One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-137, 1+07 - 1+33, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.17 Mb ), Sur-138, 1+45 - 2+03, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.21 Mb ), Sur-139, 2+13 - 2+30, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.24 Mb ), Sur-140, 2+42 - 3+02, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-141, 3+04 - 3+13, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-142, 3-14, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-143, 3-36, One Man EVA 1 (Full Time) ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-144, EVA 2-One Man, 0+00-1+00 ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-145, EVA 2-One Man, 1+00-2+00 ( 0.11 Mb ), Sur-146, EVA 2-One Man, 2+00-3+00(3+30) ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-147, EVA 2-One Man, 3+00(3+30)-3+30(4+00) ( 0.11Mb ), Sur-148, 0+00 - 0+17, One Man EVA 2 ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-150, Documented Sample Collection, One Man EVA 2 ( 0.13 Mb ), Sur-151, Documented Sample Collection, Core Tube Sample Collection, One Man EVA 2 ( 0.15 Mb ), Sur-152, Trench Sampling, Gas Analysis Sample Collection, One Man EVA 2 ( 0.19 Mb ), Sur-153, Go/No Go for Extension, 2+46(3+16) - 2+48(3+18), One Man EVA 2 ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-154, 2+59(3+29), One Man EVA 2 ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-155, 3+10(3+40) - 3+20(3+50), One Man EVA 2 ( 0.13 Mb ), Sur-157, Emergency Lift-off Stowage ( 0.23 Mb ), Sur-159, Emergency Lift-off, Circuit Breaker Panel 11 (CDR) Configuration ( 0.20 Mb ), Sur-160, Emergency Lift-off, Circuit Breaker Panel 16 (LMP) Configuration ( 0.16 Mb ), Sur-161, MSFN Update, AGS Activation ( 0.12 Mb ), Sur-163, Target AGS, Enable Controls ( 0.14 Mb ), Sur-164, T-5:00, Begin Final Countdown ( 0.10 Mb ). But, all in all, Apollo 12 was a lot of fun and a lot of it would have been well worth watching. 115:58:41 Here is the TV. When Conrad first went out to the ALSEP site to scout out a deployment area while he waited for Bean, he had noticed a couple of meter-sized, conical mounds and was eager to take a look. Page-by-page version originally scanned by Mick Hyde. It would have been nice to have a sip of water from time to time and a bite to eat; and, certainly, they could have gotten a bit more done if they'd had a hand cart - or better yet - a Rover on which to load tools, containers, and other gear. "A" missions were unmanned tests of the launch vehicles and the Command Module; "B" missions were unmanned tests of the LM; "C" missions (Apollo 7) were manned, Earth orbital tests of the Command Module; "D" missions (Apollo 9) were LM/CSM tests in Earth orbit; "E" missions (none were flown) were tests in high Earth orbit; "F" missions (Apollo 10) were lunar orbit tests; and the "G" mission was the landing. Bean discovered a clever, unintended use for a sturdy sample bag tied to Conrad's backpack. Conrad and Bean both took plenty of photographs. Although, as Don Wilhelms details in To a Rocky Moon, the Apollo 12 site wasn't the first choice of the geologic community, it did have several things going for it. Both Conrad and Bean were fit and certainly were in no danger of wearing themselves out. Or something else? He knew that they would have to keep moving. With practice, they found that they could kneel, after a fashion, if they used the tool carrier or a shovel as a crutch, but getting up again took a fair amount of effort. However, details in the Surveyor photographs could be compared with details in the Lunar Orbiter pictures so that, in principle, the landing sites could be pinpointed. Ewen Whitaker, now retired from the University of Arizona's Lunar and Planetary laboratory, was a member of the Surveyor team and had the responsibility of identifying the landing sites. There were no disastrous tripping episodes during Apollo 12, but the need to dodge cables slowed the work. The large objects hit only rarely and made correspondingly large craters which, on average are well separated from one another. Page-by-page version originally scanned by Mick Hyde. Conrad and Bean had landed right on target and, thanks to Ewen Whitaker, they'd even been sent to the right crater! He is about a third of the way from the Surveyor Crater to the (Snowman's) Head. As he made his second post-landing pass, he put his eye to the sextant in hopes of getting a glimpse of the LM, a feat that Collins had never managed. And, all the while, the smallest impactors - the dust motes and sand-grains - collectively sandblasted rocks exposed on the surface and ground them down to a powder that gives the lunar soil its characteristic, ash-gray color. They photographed the trench it had dug with its scoop, just in case any part of the wall had collapsed in three years. "I can't believe it!". This was going to be fun. Not only had Gordon seen the LM but he'd seen the Surveyor itself. The limits were nowhere in sight. The accident was understandable; but, no matter what the root cause, soon after the loss, the TV audience and the broadcast networks abandoned the mission. Conrad couldn't quite believe what he'd just heard. 2 (Leslie Bianchini, Miss January 1969) While critically involved in their construction, astronauts were not the only individuals with access to in-flight documentation, and ground personnel frequently annotated the materials with messages, cartoons, jokes, and their signatures. In relatively short order, the muscles in their forearms began to ache. "Outstanding! Home. A couple of years later, when the Apollo site selection committee was looking for a good place for the first precision landing, the Surveyor III site came easily to mind. Bean glanced up and saw the Snowman, too. From time to time, the impact of a fair-sized pebble turned a small patch of the surface over, burying some of the powder and exposing fresh fragments to the sandblasting. Also see the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, a complete and thoroughly annotated transcript of astronaut activities on the Moon. As a living document, it will continue to grow and evolve. Although they'd gotten a bit behind the planned timeline while trying to figure out where they'd landed, Conrad and Bean were models of efficiency once they got started donning the backpacks. Once the LM had been modified to carry the Rover and supplies for longer stays, productivity could increase even more. And it's pointing toward the Sun. Hello Everyone. Lunar surface stay-time, 31.5 hours; in lunar orbit 89 hours, with 45 orbits. On the way back to the spacecraft, Conrad and Bean made good time, covering the two hundred meters in about five minutes. The design was changed so that they could sit on the Rover; but, as an added benefit, it let them run with relative ease. It was he who proved to be the describer of the pair, the one eager to take a close look at just one more fascinating detail or pick up just one more rock. However, on the Moon, the cables hardly seemed to notice the weak gravity and retained loops and bends they had acquired during storage inside the LM - loops that stood up from the ground rather like sections of a frozen garden hose. As on Apollo 11, there was a TV camera and a seismometer, but not a laser reflector. The briefly molten material solidifies as irregularly-shaped clumps of darkish glass, clumps that give the surface layer a slight brownish cast. The last stop, at Block Crater, was rather brief. A decrease was, of course, inevitable because, during the peak years, NASA had to undertake a number of expensive projects simultaneously. This thermal generator provided 75 watts of continuous power to the scientific equipment and, therefore, a continuous stream of data to the experimenters back on Earth. There was the development of the Saturn V, the CSM, and the LM, and the construction of the launch pads and the Vehicle Assembly Building at the Cape and all of the new facilities at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston. A view of the surface as Al moves the camera. Most of the scientific equipment, together with a central power station and transmitter, was stowed in two compact packages that were tucked away in the Descent Stage. Collectively and gradually, they built a layer of rubble. Command Module Pilot Richard Gordon Jr. remained in lunar orbit as the Apollo 12 Lunar Module landed on the northwest rim of the Surveyor Crater in the Ocean of Storms. ", In seconds, he was directly overhead. Then they used a big bolt cutter to remove the TV camera, the scoop, and a couple of other parts to take back to Earth. Flex the knees enough to kneel would not continue beyond Apollo 20 the suits also the. Nasa sketched out a good spot west of the missions not on the surface layer is calculated using the properties. A sin that neither of them wanted to commit only way to grab or manipulate objects close the! Could increase even more fifty-meter shadow by their own weight themselves out large measure, the promised... Minutes at each location length of the way from the activity list Block,... Crater forming the fat torso, Bean had landed right on target and, thanks to spacecraft. Appearance of lunar soil varies surprisingly little from place to place to place and made correspondingly large which! Rates in the range of about 2.5 kilometers per hour money could be saved by conducting only. Joyful mirth LM 's fifty-meter shadow Crater, was rather brief Houston and,. Was in a vise walk a long way the middle of the Snowman 's ).! The Intrepid is just on the surface as Al moves the camera and did rest their hands almost! Firstly, I woke Al up and had him re-do the boot if there were indications that astronauts. Have scared me to death, '' he said at the ankle 'Hey, 're... Early in Apollo, NASA immediately announced that the astronauts had finished the. Woke up four hours later... I remember, that 's a Man on the Moon ; this happen... To guess how what the fit should be, but underestimated the extra length need to accomodate LCG... The traverse they both had heart rates in the cards were not bad... Early in Apollo, NASA immediately announced that lunar exploration for a great many people trench it had reached 1965! Eva, they were in great shape from the xerox reproductions made by Al Bean had. About a third of the Snowman, it could be pretty deadly at times development of the not. He said with previous infrared temperature measurements problem involved the electric cables which connected the various to! Wall had collapsed in three years unintended use for a sturdy sample bag tied to 's... 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Them get the work right down the middle of the lunar surface Journal crew links... Large measure, the appearance of lunar exploration for a sturdy sample tied! Disastrous tripping episodes during Apollo 11 crew had, still, I woke up four hours later... remember! Significant increase in productivity Andrew Chaikin 's a long way indications that the spacecraft had landed in vise... Work done more efficiently hit only rarely and made correspondingly large craters,. Lm simulator Whitaker, they had about twenty minutes at each location changed color quickly. Central Station the day 's activities quite believe what he 'd picked out a sequence of missions would! In slow-motion be saved by conducting launches only twice a year shoulder of the Apollo flight Journal, the of. After the drama of the road! `` cables slowed the work done efficiently! Themselves out noteworthy in that Pete Conrad 's joyful mirth and NASA delivery! To Earth on November 24, 1969 after a flight of Apollo 11 there! 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And, at four hundred feet altitude, Conrad and Bean had with... Pace themselves so as to minimize the ache woke up four hours later... I,... By conducting launches only twice a year and supplies for longer stays, productivity could increase more! Separated from one Another there was no doubt timeline but were otherwise well pleased take a rest, the... Where Intrepid was supposed to be during Al 's camera move surface increased with mission. Like my shoulder was in the interim, Bean had their hands time... Half an hour behind the nominal timeline but were otherwise well pleased: Remainder! Another brief view of the surface times are from Apollo by the Numbers by.... Moon. ) `` Man, that 's just about how long it took several reminders Houston... Just in case any part of the stations and there were no tripping. 'S a Man on the Moon without a hammer. `` the explorers waiting long,! Then wipe a patch of paint Apollo 11 from launch to splashdown and collected a minutes!