[2] The river flows through or along the border of six states, and its drainage basin includes parts of 14 states. Cities and towns of pop. Three state-designated streams — the Little Miami River, Big and Little Darby Creeks, and Little Beaver Creek — are also designated as National Scenic Rivers. From there, it forms the border between West Virginia and Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West Virginia. The Ohio River is the one of the most important tributaries to the Mississippi River.It is 981 miles long and it forms boundaries for the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and West Virginia before finally going to its headwaters in Pennsylvania.It is its widest a little to the West of downtown Louisville, where it is one mile wide. Short-lived special purpose forts included Fort Steuben (Ohio), Fort Finney (Indiana), Fort Finney (Ohio) and Fort Gower (Ohio). Ohio currently has 15 designated Wild, Scenic and/or Recreational rivers comprising 27 stream segments. The river had great significance in the history of the Native Americans, as numerous civilizations formed along its valley. The Osage, Omaha, Ponca and Kaw lived in the Ohio Valley, but under pressure from the Iroquois to the northeast, migrated west of the Mississippi River in the 17th century to territory now defined as Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma. A north-flowing river was temporarily dammed by natural forces southwest of present-day Louisville, creating a large lake until the dam burst. In his Notes on the State of Virginia published in 1781–82, Thomas Jefferson stated: "The Ohio is the most beautiful river on earth. Although such boats cruised on the Ohio River in an oval pattern up and down, the state of Kentucky soon protested. [10], An earlier Miami-Illinois language name was also applied to the Ohio River, Mosopeleacipi ("river of the Mosopelea" tribe). Ohio River Navigation Charts (Pittsburgh District) New Martinsville, West Virginia to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The forks (the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at what is now Pittsburgh) were considered a strategic military location. The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid continental and humid subtropical climate areas. It is bounded on the north by the Great Lakes watershed, on the east by the Mid-Atlantic watershed, on the south by the South Atlantic Gulf watershed, and on the west by the upper and lower Mississippi watersheds. a) Authority of Lockmasters The lockmaster shall be charged with the immediate control and management of … Relief shown by hachures. The valley grew during and following the ice age. The modern Ohio River flows within segments of the ancient Teays. Because the Ohio River flowed westward, it became a convenient means of westward movement by pioneers traveling from western Pennsylvania. It forms the Ohio–West Virginia, Ohio–Kentucky, Indiana–Kentucky, and Illinois–Kentucky state lines. So, we hope you are satisfied with the picture that collected in ohio river map! It is the third largest river by discharge volume in the United States and the largest tributary by volume of the north-south flowing Mississippi River that divides the eastern from western United States. Direct water travel the length of the river is obstructed by the Falls of the Ohio just below Louisville, Kentucky. Toll-Free: 800-342-8192. It became a primary transportation route for pioneers during the westward expansion of the early U.S. During the nineteenth century, emigrants from Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky settled along the northern bank of the Ohio river. The movement of glaciers during the earliest ice ages the present day river drainages of the Kanawha, Sandy, Kentucky, Green, Cumberland and Tennessee rivers northward created the Ohio system and the course of early tributaries of the Ohio River, including the Monongahela and the Allegheny rivers, were set. In 1763, following the war, France ceded the area to Britain, and thus to the settlers in the colonies of Britain. The movement across the Allegheny Mountains of British settlers and the claims of the area near modern-day Pittsburgh led to conflict with the French, who had forts in the Ohio River Valley. H U.S. Coast Guard Information Many cities got their start at or adjacent to the forts. There are many large tributaries that give the ohio river its size. It is located in the Midwestern and Southern United States, flowing southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois. The new large river subsequently drained glacial lakes and melting glaciers at the end of the ice ages. From its origin to Cincinnati, the average depth is approximately 15 feet (5 m). Cincinnati skyline showing the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge to Covington, Kentucky. Details Hits: 14590. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast. Virginian Englishman Abraham Wood's trans-Appalachian expeditions between 1654 and 1664;[15] Frenchman Robert de La Salle's putative Ohio expedition of 1669;[16] and two expeditions of Virginians sponsored by Colonel Wood: the Batts and Fallam expedition of 1671,[17] and the Needham and Arthur expedition of 1673-74. The Ohio River is a 981-mile (1,579 km) long river in the United States. In this area, the river flowed over hard, fossil-rich beds of limestone. Ohio River Major Rivers of the United States Map. Along the banks of the Ohio are some of the largest cities in their respective states:[note 1] Pittsburgh, the largest city on the river and second-largest city in Pennsylvania; Cincinnati, the third-largest city in Ohio; Louisville, the largest city in Kentucky; Evansville, the third-largest city in Indiana; Owensboro, the fourth-largest city in Kentucky; and three of the five largest cities in West Virginia—Huntington (second), Parkersburg (fourth), and Wheeling (fifth). For a brief time, until 1851, it was the world's largest suspension bridge. In the early 19th century, river pirates such as Samuel Mason, operating out of Cave-In-Rock, Illinois, waylaid travelers on their way down the river. The expression "sold down the river" originated as a lament of Upper South slaves, especially from Kentucky, who were shipped via the Ohio and Mississippi to cotton and sugar plantations in the Deep South. The colonial charter for Virginia defined its territory as extending to the north shore of the Ohio, so that the riverbed was "owned" by Virginia. First, we will find out the meaning of the map. The Ohio River is a major U.S. inland waterway. Its current gentle, waters clear, and bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted. She also composed the libretto for the opera Margaret Garner (2005), based on the life and trial of an enslaved woman who escaped with her family across the river. The discovery and traversal of the Ohio River by Europeans admits of several possibilities, all in the latter half of the 17th century. The The dams raise the water level and have turned the river largely into a series of reservoirs, eliminating shallow stretches and allowing for commercial navigation. It is considered to separate Midwestern Great Lakes states from the Upper South states, which were historically border states in the Civil War. The floodwaters enlarged the small Marietta valley to a size more typical of a large river. Ohio River Locks and Dams Map has a variety pictures that linked to locate out the most recent pictures of Ohio River Locks and Dams Map here, and with you can get the pictures through our best ohio river locks and dams map collection.Ohio River Locks and Dams Map pictures in here are posted and uploaded by secretmuseum.net for your ohio river locks and dams map images collection. Beaver County Tourism. Valleys of some abandoned rivers can still be seen on satellite and aerial images of the hills of Ohio and West Virginia between Marietta, Ohio, and Huntington, West Virginia. Spoon River is situated southwest of Lawshe. By extension, it also forms the boundary of all counties and townships and many municipalities along the river. A private casino riverboat that docked in Evansville, Indiana, on the Ohio River opened about the same time. A new route was carved to the Mississippi. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. Cincinnati.[25]. [4] European discovery of the Ohio River may be attributed to English explorers from Virginia in the latter half of the 17th century. Mail orders with an attached Government Printing Office order form are accepted. Title from Peter Force's catalog of manuscript maps. Maps will make it easier for us to go to a place that we have never even been there. This ohio river map is being packed with 8 cool pictures. Map of the ohio river. The Ohio River as a whole is ranked as the most polluted river in the United States, based on 2009 and 2010 data, although the more industrial and regional West Virginia/Pennsylvania tributary, the Monongahela River, ranked behind 16 other American rivers for water pollution at number 17. Its waters connected communities. In 1749 Great Britain established the Ohio Company to settle and trade in the area. [24] The Wheeling Suspension Bridge was built over the river at Wheeling from 1847 to 1849, making the trip west easier. The Ohio's drainage basin covers 189,422 square miles (490,600 km2), encompassing the easternmost regions of the Mississippi Basin. Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. Scroll down to see more! [33] The Ohio River flow is higher than that of the Mississippi River so hydrologically, the Ohio River is the main stream of the river system. Major river in the midwestern United States, The widest point on the Ohio River is just north of. Ohio river map usa consists of 9 awesome pics and I hope you like it. In the early 1980s, the Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area was established at Clarksville, Indiana. The Falls were a series of rapids where the river dropped 26 feet (7.9 m) in a stretch of about 2 miles (3.2 km). The 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix opened Kentucky to colonial settlement and established the Ohio River as a southern boundary for American Indian territory. Ohio Rivers And Lakes Click on the Ohio Rivers And Lakes to view it full screen. In winter, it regularly freezes over at Pittsburgh but rarely farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville. It is the source of drinking water for three million people.[3]. The lower Ohio River just below Louisville is obstructed by rapids known as the Falls of the Ohio where the water level falls 26 feet (7.9 m) in 2 miles (3.2 km) and is impassible for navigation. Before the river was created, large parts of North America were covered by water forming a saltwater lake about 200 miles across and 400 miles in length. The need for access to the port of New Orleans by settlers in the Ohio Valley is one of the factors that led to the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. There, some continued on up the Missouri River, some up the Mississippi, and some farther west over land routes. At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, at the Ohio's confluence with the Tennessee River, it is ice-free year-round. Cities along the Ohio are also among the oldest cities in their respective states and among the oldest cities in the United States west of the Appalachian Mountains (by date of founding): Old Shawneetown, Illinois, 1748; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1758; Wheeling, West Virginia, 1769; Huntington, West Virginia, 1775; Louisville, Kentucky, 1779; Clarksville, Indiana, 1783; Maysville, Kentucky, 1784; Martin's Ferry, Ohio, 1785; Marietta, Ohio, 1788; Cincinnati, Ohio, 1789; Manchester, Ohio, 1790; Beaver, Pennsylvania, 1792; and Golconda, Illinois, 1798. The Ohio River begins in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers and flows southwestward toward the Mississippi River. 1:700,000. Fortunately, the bridge was not blown up during the American Civil War. Louisville, Kentucky, The deepest point of the Ohio River is a scour hole just below Cannelton locks and dam (river mile 720.7). [23] However, the Treaty of Paris (1783) gave the entire Ohio Valley to the United States. It is 548 miles as the crow flies between Cairo and Pittsburgh, but 981 miles by water. [29] The bridge was rebuilt about one mile downstream and in service as the Silver Memorial Bridge in 1969. This ohio river map usa is being packed with During the American Revolution, in 1776 the British military engineer John Montrésor created a map of the river showing the strategic location of Fort Pitt, including specific navigational information about the Ohio River's rapids and tributaries in that area. The economic connection of the Ohio Country to the East was significantly increased in 1818 when the National Road being built westward from Cumberland, Maryland reached Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia), providing an easier overland connection from the Potomac River to the Ohio River. At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, near the Ohio's confluence with the Mississippi, it is ice-free year-round. The Silver Bridge at Point Pleasant, West Virginia collapsed into the river on December 15, 1967. [14] The river formed on a piecemeal basis beginning between 2.5 and 3 million years ago. They killed travelers, stealing their goods and scuttling their boats. Beaver Falls, PA 15010. Most were abandoned by 1800. The Division of Wildlife’s mission is to conserve and improve fish and wildlife resources and their habitats for sustainable use and appreciation by all. [28] More escaping slaves, estimated in the thousands, made their perilous journey north to freedom across the Ohio River than anywhere else across the north-south frontier. Water levels for the Ohio River from Smithland Lock and Dam upstream to Pittsburgh are predicted daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Ohio River Forecast Center. The bridge has been improved in 1859 and 1872, and remains in use as the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in the U.S. Louisville was founded in 1779 at the only major natural navigational barrier on the river, the Falls of the Ohio. The river is sometimes considered as the western extension of the Mason–Dixon Line that divided Pennsylvania from Maryland, and thus part of the border between free and slave territory, and between the Northern and Southern United States or Upper South. The first locks on the river – the Louisville and Portland Canal – were built to circumnavigate the falls between 1825 and 1830. Ships current position.Sea Distance Calculator The course forms the northern borders of West Virginia and Kentucky; and the southern borders of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, until it joins the Mississippi River at the city of Cairo, Illinois. Fears that Louisville's transshipment industry would collapse proved ill-founded: the increasing size of steamships and barges on the river meant that the outdated locks could only service the smallest vessels until well after the Civil War. This conflict was called the French and Indian War, and would merge into the global Anglo-French struggle, the Seven Years' War. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The 10 Worst Presidents in the History of the United States, Yakutsk, Russia – The World’s Coldest City, Longest Hiking Trails In The United States, Hiking Trails in the United States With Breathtaking Waterfalls, The Most Difficult Hiking Trails in California. The Ohio River is one of the largest rivers in the United States. Map Of Ohio Rivers And Cities. In winter, it regularly freezes over at Pittsburgh but rarely farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville. Ohio River, East Pete Rose Way, Lytle Park Historic District, Mount Adams, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, 45202, USA - Free topographic maps visualization and sharing. A General Notes. [26][27] Before and during the Civil War, the Ohio River was called the "River Jordan" by slaves crossing it to escape to freedom in the North via the Underground Railroad. The collapse took the lives of 46 people who had been crossing on the bridge at the moment of its failure. Notes on the State of Virginia, "The Winding River Home: Pellissippi State researches the meaning of 'Pellissippi, "Presenter re-enacts 17th-century man's journey through Kanawha Valley", "The Planting of civilization in western Pennsylvania", "Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906", "Put in Master's Pocket: Interstate Slave Trading and the Black Appalachian Diaspora", "Crossing the "Dark Line": Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Louisville and North Central Kentucky (excerpt)", "Report: Ohio River most polluted in U.S.", "Ohio River again tops list for industrial pollution", "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare", "Water Data Report: 07022000 Mississippi River at Thebes, IL Summary Statistics", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", U.S. Geological Survey: PA stream gauging stations, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohio_River&oldid=1001900251, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Miami-Illinois-language text, Articles containing Shawnee-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. The Ohio River Scenic Byway follows the Ohio River through Illinois, Indiana and Ohio ending at Steubenville, Ohio, on the river. The south-flowing Marietta River (no longer in existence) ended between the present-day cities. Trading boats and ships traveled south on the Mississippi to New Orleans, and sometimes beyond to the Gulf of Mexico and other ports in the Americas and Europe. The overflowing lake carved through the separating hill and connected the rivers. In pencil: Montresor, 1776. [13] For thousands of years, Native Americans used the river as a major transportation and trading route. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. Has watermark. Don’t forget to check all of these gallery to not miss anything by clicking on thumbnail pics below! Kentucky brought suit against Indiana in the early 1980s because of the building of the never-completed Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant in Indiana, which would have discharged its waste water into the river. [Map of the Ohio River from Fort Pitt. Don’t forget to check all of these gallery to not miss anything by clicking on thumbnail pics below! The largest tributaries of the Ohio by discharge volume are: By drainage basin area, the largest tributaries are:[36], The largest tributaries by length are:[36], Major tributaries of the river, in order from the head to the mouth of the Ohio, include:[36]. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers improvements were expanded again in the 1960s, forming the present-day McAlpine Locks and Dam. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Ohio. Other states had to limit their cruises to going forwards, then reversing and going backwards on the Indiana shore only. "[5] In the late 18th century, the river was the southern boundary of the Northwest Territory. Similarly, in the 1990s, Kentucky challenged Illinois' right to collect taxes on a riverboat casino docked in Metropolis, citing its own control of the entire river. The mouth of is the Mississippi River at Cairo, Illinois. The Ohio River is a left (east) and largest tributary by volume of the Mississippi River in the United States. After reaching the mouth of the Ohio, settlers would travel north on the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Missouri. The natural depth of the river varied from about 3 to 20 feet (0.91 to 6.10 m). More than 830 river miles are protected in the Ohio scenic river system. [22] In 1774 the Quebec Act restored the land east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River to Quebec, in effect making the Ohio the southern boundary of Canada. The Ohio River is a 981 miles long river that is found within the region of Laurentia in the US. The McAlpine Locks and Dam, a shipping canal bypassing the rapids, now allows commercial navigation from the Forks of the Ohio at Pittsburgh to the Port of New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico. [4][6] "Great river" and "large creek" have also been given as translations. The ohio river is 981 miles long and has 20 locks and dams. Beginning at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers nesr Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, it runs southwest, ending at the Mississippi River on the Illinois and Missouri borders. OHIO RIVER - Ship Marine Traffic Live Tracking AIS Map Density Map. at least 25,000 and among the 10 largest in the state, and whose municipal boundary comes within less than a mile of the river. So, we hope you are satisfied with the picture that collected in ohio river map! Prior to that event, the north-flowing Steubenville River (no longer in existence) ended between New Martinsville and Paden City, West Virginia. The upper Ohio River formed when one of the glacial lakes overflowed into a south-flowing tributary of the Teays River. The Indians and early explorers and settlers of the region also often considered the Allegheny to be part of the Ohio. The middle Ohio River formed in a manner similar to formation of the upper Ohio River. "Good River". The Ohio River drains to the Mississippi River which flows to the Gulf of Mexico on the Atlantic Ocean. F – G Extracts from Section of the River & Harbor Act of 1899. Among rivers wholly or mostly in the United States, it is the second largest by discharge volume, the tenth longest and has the eighth largest drainage basin. The word “Ohio” originated from the Seneca language of the Seneca people. Both Illinois and Indiana have long since changed their laws to allow riverboat casinos to be permanently docked, with Illinois changing in 1999 and Indiana in 2002. The U.S. Supreme Court held that Kentucky's jurisdiction (and, implicitly, that of West Virginia) extended only to the low-water mark of 1793 (important because the river has been extensively dammed for navigation, so that the present river bank is north of the old low-water mark.) Use, Administration, and Navigation 207.300 Ohio River, above Cairo, IL, and their tributaries; use, administration, and navigation. The section of the river that runs southwest from Pittsburgh to Cairo, Illinois is around tens of thousands of years old. [14] The Teays River was the largest of these rivers. Only Illinois, among the border states, has no significant cities on the river. Many small rivers were altered or abandoned after the upper Ohio River formed. There are hundreds of other cities, towns, villages and unincorporated populated places on the river, most of them very small. Tennessee: all but a small part in the extreme west drained directly by the Mississippi, and a very small area in the southeastern corner which is drained by the, Ohio: 80% (all except a northern strip bordering Lake Erie, and the northwest corner), This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 22:13. The times have been expressed by 20th-century novelists as well, such as the Nobel Prize-winning Toni Morrison, whose novel Beloved was adapted as a film of the same name. The bedrock of the Ohio Valley was mostly set during this time. There are many large tributaries that give the Ohio River its size. For thousands of years, Native Americans used the river as a major transportation and trading route. Ohio River depth map (nautical chart) The marine chart shows water depth and hydrology on an interactive map. Ohio River, Gallatin County, Kentucky, 25702, United States of America - Free topographic maps visualization and sharing. Scale ca. Through its largest tributary, the Tennessee River, the basin includes several states of the southeastern U.S. The ancient rivers were rearranged or consumed. Has watermark. The name "Ohio" comes from the Seneca, Ohi:yo', lit. The Ohio drains parts of 14 states in four regions. From Louisville, the river loses depth very gradually until its confluence with the Mississippi at Cairo, Illinois, where it has an approximate depth of 19 feet (6 m). Ohio rivers map for free download. [18][19] The first known European to traverse the length of the river, from the headwaters of the Allegheny to its mouth on the Mississippi, was a Dutchman from New York, Arnout Viele, in 1692.[20][21]. Largely rural, they shipped much of their produce along the river to ports such as The Ohio River forms its southern border, though nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. Brief Index. 23 includes latitude readings at spots along the river and notes on the width of tributaries. Shortened in the Shawnee language to pelewa thiipi, spelewathiipi or peleewa thiipiiki, the name evolved through variant forms such as "Polesipi", "Peleson", "Pele Sipi" and "Pere Sipi", and eventually stabilized to the variant spellings "Pelisipi", "Pelisippi" and "Pellissippi". Beginning at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers nesr Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, it runs southwest, ending at the Mississippi River on the Illinois and Missouri borders. This map shows the course of the Ohio from Fort Pitt, site of present-day Pittsburgh, to what is now New Martinsville, West Virginia. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.The state takes its name from the Ohio River, whose name in turn originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river" or "large creek". Ohio River Water Trail Map & Guide. Learn how to create your own. 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