By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Tezcatlipoca was an important god in the Aztec religion. Tezcatlipoca's Helm is the dragon-shaped helmet on top of its skull-like head. Warriors Jaguars and servants of this god seeking release it. Hartley Earth-One Batman villain. Tezcatlipoca was an all-important god to the Aztec people. BASH! Christian missionaries perceived the tragic Quetzalcoatl as a Christ-figure. Affiliations: Ajak, Tlaloc, Huizilopochtli, Tetzcatlipoca's priests were the …  When the ritual called for it, priests would also dress up as Tezcatlipoca himself and accompany other similarly outfitted gods or goddesses. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.  For Aztec nobility, this "patron deity" is fundamental in the social and natural phenomena justified by religion during this time. Tezcatlipoca was an important god in the Aztec religion. Tezcatlipoca (/tɛskɑːtliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca pronounced [teskatɬiˈpoːka]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl. Among other things, he was also the god of the night sky and the direction north. The god Tezcatlipoca was a major Aztec deity who was worshiped in east-west facing temples in many Mesoamerican city-states under the influence of the Aztecs, particularly Texcoco. Let's search his favourite hangouts. Tezcatlipoca is a divine sorcerer. In what manner shall I act for thy city? As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, kingship, divination, and war. As a god of the sun, he ripened the crops but could also send a burning drought that killed the plants. Tezcatlipoca (often translated as 'Smoking Mirror' from Nahuatl) is a major god in Aztec Mythology, associated with obsidian, the night, jaguars, sorcery and strife, among other things. In this process, Tezcatlipoca lost his foot when he used it as bait for the Earth Monster Cipactli. Tezcatlipoca Prime Earth Gods of Mexico. Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. Tlaloc, the god of rain, then became the sun. This marriage, occurring after a full year of abstinence, symbolized a period of fertility which followed the drought. Tezcatlipoca (/tɛskɑːtliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca pronounced [teskatɬiˈpoːka]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. My bet is on Tezcatlipoca. Mageddon New Earth Old Gods. Common ornaments were white turkey feather headdresses, a paper loincloth, and a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations. Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of his feet. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. He is the god intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of priests. We just have to prove it. Tezcatlipoca played many contradictory roles in Aztec mythology. His cult was associated with royalty, and was the subject of the most lengthy and reverent prayers in the rites of kingship, as well as being mentioned frequently in coronation speeches.  Tezcatlipoca priests were offered into his service by their parents as children, often because they were sick. Most commonly he is shown with horizontal face bands, wearing a heron feather headdress, a loincloth, and knotted sandals with an armband, and tinker bells either around his neck or ankles. A creator god, Tezcatlipoca ruled over Ocelotonatiuh (“Jaguar-Sun”), the first of the four worlds that were created and destroyed before the present universe. Sometimes he was shown as a partner in creation, but more often he was shown as a god of judgment and destruction. According to Fray Diego Durán it was "lofty and magnificently built. Due to the lack of surviving images, some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the 'invisible god'.  The new king would claim his spiritual nakedness symbolically through words and physical vulnerability, praising Tezcatlipoca with lines such as: O master, O our lord, O lord of the near, of the nigh, O night, O wind...Poor am I.  "The sacrifice itself marked the end of the drought. He was represented by the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation, which the Aztec saw as a jaguar. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. The god Tezcatlipoca was a major Aztec deity who was worshiped in east-west facing temples in many Mesoamerican city-states under the influence of the Aztecs, particularly Texcoco. Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl 's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. He is also said to have acted as the First Sun but was knocked from the sky by Quetza… The character, based on the god of the same name from Aztec mythology, made his first appearance in "Daze of the Dead: The Numero Uno Edition" in 1998. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Each temple had a statue of the god for which copal incense was burned four times a day. Together with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, he created the world.  "For one year he lived a life of honor," the handsome young man "worshipped literally as the embodiment of the deity". Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox. At the top he was sacrificed by the removal of his heart. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. Tezcatlipoca (pron. According to Aztec mythology, Tezcatlipoca (tes-cat-lee-poh-ka) was considered the god of magic and darkness. He presides over the ancient magical art of nahualism, the complex, intense soul relationship between people and animal allies, characterized by transformation. Called Yoalli Ehécatl (“Night Wind”), Yaotl (“Warrior”), and Telpochtli (“Young Man”), he was said to appear at crossroads at night to challenge warriors. Aztec Night-time God Also known as Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan The all-important God of Night, Death and Confusion He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive. Tezcatlipoca Prime Earth Gods of Mexico. He never offered human victims, only snakes, birds, and butterflies. Tezcatlipoca is an entity often believed to be vampire that was part of the ruling supernatural clique in the Aztec empire. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. During the feast where he was worshipped as the deity he personified, he climbed the stairs to the top of the temple on his own where the priests seized him, a time in which he proceeded to symbolically crush "one by one the clay flutes on which he had played in his brief moment of glory," and then was sacrificed, his body being eaten later. Updates? "On his installation," the new king fasted and meditated, "which included prayers in honor of Tezcatlipoca, the patron deity of the royal house". One important body of myths describes Quetzalcóatl as the priest-king of Tula, the capital of the Toltecs. My Modern Interpretation This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tezcatlipoca, The British Museum - Mosaic mask of Tezcatlipoca, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Tezcatlipoca - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).  The king would stand "naked, emphasizing his utter unworthiness," speaking as nothing but a vessel for the god's will. The character, based on the god of the same name from Aztec mythology, made his first appearance in "Daze of the Dead: The Numero Uno Edition" in 1998. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. Add a photo to this gallery.  For the next year he lived like a god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants. "Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of the pyramid with dignity and pride. A central figure of the Popol Vuh was the god Tohil whose name means "obsidian" and who was associated with sacrifice. The four Tezcatlipocas were the sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, lady and lord of the duality, and were the creators of all the other gods, as well as the world and all humanity. Depending on the site half of his leg, the full length of his arms, the majority of his legs, or any combination thereof can be depicted. Tezcatlipoca (pronounced: teskatɬiˈpoːka) was a central deity in Aztec religion, one of the four sons of Ometeotl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war and strife. How to say Tezcatlipoca in English? Tezcatlipoca, the Shadow God, is the Aztec god of darkness and a powerful enemy of Wonder Woman and the heroes called Aztek.  They would also cover the sick and newly appointed king in a similar manner with a black ointment to encourage an association with the god. There are few surviving representations of Tezcatlipoca into the present day. He is sometimes the adversary of the god … For an in depth description and interpretation of the Toxcatl festival see Olivier (2003) Chapter 6. Similarities exist with the patron deity of the K'iche' Maya as described in the Popol Vuh. The temple of Tezcatlipoca was in the Great Precinct of Tenochtitlan. He is closely associated with the jaguars which the Aztecs considered as a symbol of hunting, warfare, and sacrifice. The post-Classic (after ad 900) Maya-Quiché people of Guatemala revered him as a lightning god under the name Hurakan (“One Foot”). Tezcatlipoca's main feast was during Toxcatl, the fifth month of the Aztec calendar. Tezcatlipoca ([teskatɬiˈpoːka]) was a central deity in Aztec mythology.  The young man would approach this sacrifice willingly, as being sacrificed in this manner was a great honor. He was labeled the god of the nocturnal sky, temptation, sorcery, and war. Codex Borgia/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. 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